Now, the discovery of exoplanets that are stretched out by the gravity of the stars will be easy for the astronomers as a new study led by team of researchers at George Mason University has coined a new method to detect these exotic worlds.
The team, led by Professor Prabal Saxena of George Mason University, modeled cases where these exotic planets were in orbit which is close to small red dwarf stars.
The rotation of planets was locked, hence, the worlds maintain the same face towards the stars around which they orbit. This is much similar to the Moon that revolves around the Earth.
In such circumstances, the scientists say, the planets’ distortion must be detectable in the transit events where the planets revolves in front of their stars and also blocks their light in some quantity.
If the astronomers are able to detect the exoplanets in extreme region, it could offer them with new and detailed insights into the physical and chemical properties of the exoplanets or Earth-like planets.
Current advanced telescopes, including those that are due to enter the service like the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT) and the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), can easily detect the subtle signals from stretched exoplanets.
The study’s findings are detailed in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.