Working with stem cells is the new way to go in medicine. Now scientists have managed to create a structure resembling a mouse embryo. In order to create this structure, they used two types of stem cells.
The researchers focused on making and understanding how embryos are built. This is because the embryo is the most important thing for procreating. The way embryos are built and how they develop is important because these things can explain why human pregnancies fail.
The embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are the ones that make an embryo. There are two other types of extra-embryonic stem cells (TSCs) that form the placenta and the yolk sac that protects the embryo. Until now, researchers have tried to grow embryo structures using embryonic stem cells but they were not successful.
Now the researchers used 2 types of stem cells in order to make sure that they will succeed. These scientists were able to create a mouse embryo by combining both ESCs and TSCs. They also added a 3D scaffold. This scaffold is a structure that can grow by itself.
The experts mentioned that their study was a success due to the fact that they managed to create this mouse embryo. Despite the fact that it is not an actual embryo, the structure is very similar to one. This means that researchers were finally able to figure out how to create these structures.
The group of experts that conducted this research added that they found the perfect combination between stem cells that can help design embryos. They also observed that these stem cells have a great communication. They can tell one another where to place themselves in the embryo.
This study wouldn’t have been successful without the combination of different stem cells. The researchers mentioned that the communication between these cells was the one that made the mouse embryo. Without this compatibility, the embryo wouldn’t have been created.
Now, the leaders of the research mentioned that they need to make more studies on this topic. They said that it is important to find out more and to try to make the mouse embryo even better. We’ll have to wait and see what they discover.
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Image source: Wikipedia