For a large part of people, winter is the moodiest season, not due to the cold temperatures that it brings, but because of the affection named seasonal affective disorder, known by the apt abbreviation SAD. This medical problem affects more than 10 million people in America alone, with higher percentages in the colder regions, but also many inhabitants of the warmer states in southern areas.
A new research released these days in the American publications of psychiatry indicates that cognitive behavior treatment could actually be a lot more efficient than traditional light session when they have to fight SAD symptoms. A number of 170 people participated in a series of tests led by US experts, and they had to go through light treatments for around an hour every day for two months. This length was improved over the next days to reduce adverse reactions and improve its effects among the participants.
After this period, some study members were told to continue their light exposure until spring and had light box facilities the next winter. A number of people got cognitive behavior treatment at least once per week and 30 minutes per session for approximately 6 weeks. The CBT therapy used various methods to help people counter pessimism about winter months and prevent social solitude and other actions that darken a person’s mood.
A few months after the first treatment period, both the CBT and light session groups reported a similar alleviation from their SAD symptoms. Both methods were shown to be efficient in reducing the seasonal affective depression’s signs. After the second year, more than 60 percent of people who underwent the light treatment did not need it again.
Depression was discovered to have disappeared in 40% of participants in the therapies based on light, compared to 25% of members in the CBT team. Deeper depressive signs were more noticeable in the light sessions group, but these severe problems were based on a critical mental background of these patients.
Light treatment is a modern method, like hypertension drugs, that needs patients to keep following the plan to be efficient, the doctors said in a declaration. Adhering to this light treatment prescribed after waking up for 30 minutes every day for a few months in dark regions, can indeed be a difficult task. They added that such treatment is usually recommended against SAD symptoms, as it is a palliative therapy with a long-lasting effect and better control of the depressive signs.
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