Australia has just witnessed a groundbreaking event in archaeology. Recent excavations resurfaced a Mirrar indigenous shelter made of rock with hundreds of thousands of ancient objects. Research of the artifacts suggests that humans landed on the continent at least 65,000 years ago.
The Artifacts of the Mirrar Indigenous Shelter Placed the First Australian People 25,000 Years Earlier than Estimated
On Thursday, journal Nature published a report on recent insightful events in the archaeological world. Researchers discovered around 11,000 artifacts in Kakadu national park. These ancient items are not only cultural vestiges of the past, but they helped scientists gain access to more data on the history of the continent. Thanks to them, experts found that the previous estimates of the first signs of human life in Australia appeared between 47,000 and 60,000 years ago are wrong.
The lead author of the research, Associate Professor Chris Clarkson at the University of Queensland, was excited to decipher the encrypted messages. To his view, the fact that human colonization started earlier in Australia means that people had left Africa earlier as well. That’s because they started off a long journey through Asia and southeast Asia to reach the region of their next settlement, Australia.
Professor Clarkson stated that his team used new processes that helped them pinpoint exactly the period of time these artifacts belong to. That means that the controversy of the origins of the continent can finally be put to rest. They confirmed that the first colonies occurred 65,000 years ago.
These findings have numerous implications for the scientific world. For instance, it was previously believed that the first Australian people contributed to a mass destruction of megafauna. However, given that their latest localization in time places them as much as 25,000 years earlier, it means that the consequences of such an indigenous shelter weren’t so subversive.
Some of the 10,000 unearthed artifacts were ochre paint substances, but also probably the oldest ground-edge stone axes that were conserved in ideal circumstances in the world. Such items are at least 20,000 years old.
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