The first artificial pancreas was approved by the Food and Drug Administration and it is designed for people with Type 1 diabetes. This type of diabetes causes the pancreas of the people who suffer from it produce less insulin that is necessary for the normal function of the body. This means that they need to replace the insulin that is not produced by their bodies with a pump or multiple injections a day.
The process that these people get through every day is complicated and can have several errors especially when food is involved. They need to calculate everything they eat and take better care of themselves than others.
If the body does not receive enough insulin the levels of sugar will be too high and can cause organ damage and the other way around, if the blood sugar is too low it can cause unconsciousness.
This artificial pancreas is actually a device that combines the two necessary things, the glucose monitor and an insulin pump. This means that people who use this device are going to be free of injections and calculation per meal. The device pumps insulin and when it predicts that the person has enough of the hormone in their body, and the blood sugar levels are at risk to get too low, it stops by itself.
Despite the fact that it improves the method in which these people are treated they will still have to register what they are going to eat. This is why it is possible that the artificial pancreas will make some mistakes. Although it can make some errors they are corrected by the system instantly.
“You get almost normalized overnight blood glucose. For people with Type 1 diabetes, that’s massively important. The diabetes isn’t gone, but [wearers] can think about it less,” said Aaron Kowalski who works at the organization that gave funds for research
More devices like this are going to be produced and sold on the market soon. Five other companies that produce devices for this kind of condition are going to make these products. The devices will differ when it comes to interface and form but the software and the main reason for which they were produced will be the same: making the life of those suffering from type 1 diabetes easier.
Do you think that the artificial pancreas is going to help?
Image source: Wikipedia