Based on the recent findings, cigarettes have a negative impact not just on the lungs but also on the brain as they can lead to severe disorders.
Also, regular smokers are up to three times more likely to suffer a premature death compared to non-smokers.
According to the experts from the World Health Organization (WHO), smoking is a major factor influencing the development of cardiovascular conditions, cancers, pregnancy complications, oral problems, low sperm count, and cataracts.
In addition to this, tobacco smoking is the number one preventable death cause worldwide. The United States statistics have shown that cigarettes are responsible for more deaths every year than homicides, vehicle injuries, alcohol misuse, drug use, and HIV combined.
Although many people are aware of how dangerous cigarettes can be, little is known about the long-term effects on memory and learning. Besides nicotine, which is addictive, cigarettes contain more than 4,000 chemicals, out of which at least fifty are toxic in nature.
Some of them are the carbon monoxide, methanol used in rocket fuel, ammonia, arsenic, and butane. The combination of these chemicals can have a devastating effect on the brain, causing memory and learning deficits.
More precisely, smoking is related to reductions in prospective and working memory which are used in daily tasks and executive functions that help us ignore distractions and concentrate. In other words, our natural ability to learn and remember is affected, meaning that regular smokers might have a higher risk of developing degenerative conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and dementia.
A group of experts from Northumbria University conducted an extensive study to find out the effects of alcohol and cigarettes. They established that regular smokers who drink heavily have massive deficits in the daily prospective memory.
It means that the combination of alcohol consumption and smoking can speed up the long-term consequences. It is worth mentioning that recent studies focused on second-hand smoking too, and it revealed that passive smokers have an elevated risk of developing some health problems including memory and cognitive deficits, cardiovascular disease, and lung cancer.
Scientists noted that although e-cigarettes are regarded as an alternative to tobacco smoking, little is known about their long-term effects on cognitive functions, mood, and health.
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