The researchers at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have found that lesser high school students have suffered indoor tanning in the United States between 2009 and 2013. But the researchers underlined that more than a fifth of female students suffered indoor tanning last year.
The researchers conducted a study on indoor tanning and found that it has sent many people to hospitals after getting eye injuries, burns and loss of consciousness. But among the long-term effects linked with it include: skin cancer, melanoma and cataracts.
For the study, which was conducted under CDC health official Gery P. Guy Jr., the researchers collected information from 66 US hospital emergency rooms on cases of injuries caused due to indoor tanning between 2003 and 2012.
During analysis of these data, they identified 405 nonfatal injury cases related to indoor tanning. Over 80 percent of patients involved in the study were female as well as about 80 percent were white.
They found that an average of 3,234 injuries cases that were associated with indoor tanning was treated annually nationwide. According to the researchers, most patients suffered skin burns due to tanning and 10 percent fainted, while roughly 6 percent suffered eye injuries such as inflamed corneas, burns or foreign objects embedded in the eye.
It was also uncovered that the number of patients treated each year fell from nearly 6,500 in 2003 to just under 2,000 in 2012.
“It’s important for people to understand both the long-term and the short-term risks of indoor tanning. Many immediate risks are also associated with higher risk of health issues later on, like skin cancer. For instance, burns raise the risk of skin cancer later in life, while eye injuries from intense UV exposure may lead to cataracts and eye melanoma,” Guy said.
During the findings, the researchers found reduction in percentage of female high school students engaged in indoor tanning from 25.4 percent to 20.2 percent between 2009 and 2013. The indoor tanning dropped from 37.4 percent to 30.7 percent among non-Hispanic white female students, while it reduced from 6.1 percent to 3.2 percent among non-Hispanic black male students.
The study’s findings were detailed online on the JAMA Internal Medicine.