US space agency NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has officially declared the year ‘2014’ as the hottest year on record.
Earlier, the meteorological agency of Japan had confirmed the passed year as the hottest one on record.
The official figures released on Friday by NASA and NOAA showed that the temperature records were shattered across the world last year, including major European regions, parts of South America, Russia, China, the Far East.
The average global temperatures on land and sea surfaces, collected from across the planet, were discovered to be 1.24 degrees Fahrenheit above the 20th century average, the agencies said.
“When averaged over the globe, 2014 was found as the warmest year on record,” Michael Freilich, director of the Earth Science Division in Science Mission Directorate at NASA, said on Friday.
According to the data, the US was only the anomaly with a substantial chunk of real estate having the temperatures of surface of land below average. Most of the Mid-west and South regions were discovered bearing an extra-ordinarily cold year. On the other hand, Alaska and most parts of West Coast featured record highs.
NOAA and NASA collected the surface temperatures with the help of a wide variety of instruments, such as temperature gauges on buoys and ships, satellite readings and weather station thermometers.
While revealing the temperature records, Richard W. Spinrad, chief scientist at NOAA, said, “Multiple datasets from across the globe continue to validate each other and highlight these long term trends.”
According to the latest data sets, the warming of globe is taking place at an average of 1.2 degrees Fahrenheit per decade since 1880.
NOAA declared ‘2014’ as the warmest year on record because it was 2.5 times more likely warmer than the year ‘2010’. On the other hand, the NASA estimates showed 2014 as 1.5 times more likely hotter than 2010.