Supermassive black holes might sound like the main villain in a horror movie. It is so large that it can fit in hundreds of thousands of solar masses. However, it seems that all massive galaxies are harboring one of those. The Milky Way makes no exception. Our galaxy has high chances to host such an impressive phenomenon right around the location of Sagittarius A which is right in the center of it. A new team of researchers might have just given a true explanation of how these black holes came to life.
Supermassive Black Holes Are as Old as the Universe
It was around ten years ago when astronomers understood an important fact. Supermassive black holes are not a chaotic phenomenon that comes and goes as it pleases. Instead, it is actually a system as old as the Universe itself. This phenomenon has enchanted astronomers ever since the early 20th century. Scientists are fascinated of how much power these beasts possess that they can keep captive even light itself.
The early theory suggested that these sucking black holes are just a result of accumulated mass that formed during the beginning of the Universe. At the same time, molecular hydrogen started to cool down, and it depleted primordial plasma of helium and hydrogen for only to turn into galaxies and stars.
The new research supports this theory, and it adds up a new valuable answer. The main mystery that presided this domain for years is how supermassive black holes managed to come to life in such a fast span of time. The co-author of the paper, Zoltan Haiman, who is also an astronomy professor at Columbia University, gave a possible explanation.
Supermassive Black Holes Formed More Quickly than Galaxies
Usually, massive transformations in space take 100,000 years to finish. However, the supermassive black holes are developing much faster than this which seemed to be inexplicable for scientists. The study published in Nature Astronomy explains that this phenomenon begins as a normal formation of a galaxy. However, if it has no potential to grow stars, it is going to collapse.
This degradation makes way to the birth of a supermassive black hole. This process is aided by the radiation from neighboring galaxies that use it as a catalyst. Scientists hope to prove their theory with the NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope. The tool is programmed to go online in 2018, and it will bring back images from the beginning of the universe.
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