A new study by Scotland scientists has found that type 1 diabetics on average die 11 to 13 years earlier compared to those without the condition.
The findings of the study may be highly disheartening for the patients of type 1 diabetes, but the senior researcher behind the study believe the latest results are more encouraging than prior estimates that has shown larger gaps in life expectancies.
Dr. Helen Colhoun, of Scotland’s University of Dundee School of Medicine, said the most important and encouraging message of the study is that “the difference in life expectancy is narrowing with the passing time.”
“It’s not zero… The goal is to get it to zero,” she said.
The immune system of the body of the type 1 diabetics starts destroying insulin-producing cells present in the pancreas. Insulin helps in the removal of sugar from the bloodstream and provides energy.
Nearly 29.1 million people in the United States suffer from diabetes and about five percent of them have type 1 diabetes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
For the new study, the researchers collected national data of 24,691 people from Scotland who were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes between 2008 and 2010.
The data showed that the men with type 1 diabetes would live nearly 11 fewer years in comparison to men without the health condition. On the other hand, women having type 1 diabetes would live nearly 13 fewer years than their counterparts.
The findings were published in the journal JAMA.